A. Gummy smile treatment
Gummy smile, or excess of gingival tissue exposed when you smile, can have a negative effect on the esthetic. It is important to assess the cause of the situation in order to assure the best correction possible.
Several possibilities can be revealed:
- An excessive display of gum tissue in your upper jaw can result from the abnormal eruption of the teeth: teeth covered by excessive gum tissue appear short.
- The muscle that controls the movement of your upper lip could be hyperactive, causing your upper lip to rise up higher than normal.
- The manner in which your upper jaw bone grew and developed could cause the appearance of a gummy smile. For instance, if there was an excessive bulging protrusion of the upper jaw within the gum tissue, you would experience an obvious gummy appearance when you smile.
Depending on the diagnostic the treatment can be oriented in different ways :
- Gummy smile surgery, that will redesign the gingival and sometimes the bone level around the teeth.
- Lip repositioning, which will limit the movement of the lip; therefore exposing less gum tissue.
- Orthognathic surgery: in combination with orthodontic treatment, it will reposition the upper jaw in a higher position after decreasing its height.
B. Pocket Cleaning
Dental plaque is a sticky, colorless film that continually forms in between and on the surface of the teeth. Dental plaque is a biofilm that is made up of microorganisms such as streptococcus mutans and other bacteria. It can develop on teeth above the gum line (supragingival), below the gum line on the roots of teeth (subgingival) and along the gum line (gingival).
If dental plaque accumulates and is not removed, it can harden and turn into calculus or tartar.
The best way to avoid the buildup of dental plaque is with thorough brushing and flossing at home. The best way to avoid a build-up of calculus is through regular visits to your dental professional for check-ups and cleanings.
C. Melanin Removal
Melanin is a pigment found mainly in the skin and is responsible of your skin color. When you have an excess of melanin deposit in your gum, black spot and patches appear. Gum depigmentation using a diamond bur, laser or nitrogen will “peel” the gum so that normal pink color tissue reappears.